Greenland is the largest island of the world and a part of the North American continent. The northernmost point of Greenland, Cape Morris Jesup, is only 740 kilometres from the North Pole and is the northernmost piece of land in the world. The southernmost point of Greenland, Nunap Isua (Cape Farewell), is approximately on the same latitude as Oslo. The distance from north to south is 2,670 kilometres. The distance from east to west at the widest point is 1.050 kilometres.

The total area of Greenland is 2.166.086 square kilometres. About 81 percent of the country is covered by ice. 19 percent, or 410.449 square kilometres, is ice-free.