Population

Greenland´s population lives exclusively at the coast: in towns and settlements. About 60 per cent live in the five largest towns Nuuk, Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Aasiaat and Qaqortoq. Most of the population is of Greenlandic ancestry. The remainder is predominantly Danish, though it has become increasingly international lately. From the 1960´s on, the town populations have been growing rapidly, absorbing the net population growth as well as the migration from the settlements. This trend has been continuing for the last 40 years.

Greenland has a total populace overweight of men, as the workforce born outside of Greenland consists of 2/3 men and 1/3 women.

Compared to the population size in Greenland, the internal migrations are significant, and have a big impact on the populace composition. An internal migration from outer districts to towns, primarily to Nuuk, has been going on for the last 50 years.

The majority of migrants are citizens of the Danish Kingdom, who move from Denmark to Greenland or vice versa. Greenland´s constant need for summoned workforce requires the net emigration of foreign nationals to be continuously countered by immigration. Over time, the foreign net immigration is at a balance. This is not the case for the Greenlandic -born population segment. From this, the net emigration has been averagely 370 persons a year for the last ten years.

Around 850 persons are born every year, and around 500 die. Men and women born in Greenland have a shorter life expectancy than the average of the western world. This is primarily due to a high mortality rate caused by accidents and suicide. In Greenland, men live to the age of 68.3 years on average, while women live to the age of 73.0 years.

The general birth pattern has remained stable during the last ten years. Towns differ from settlements in fertility rate. Women in settlements give birth to more children than those in towns. However, fertility in the settlements has decreased in the past few years. In the start 1960´s, the general fertility was very high, causing the Health Authority to launch campaigns for contraceptive pills and intrauterine devices. Also, abortion was legalized in 1975. Even today, pregnancies more often result in legal abortions than in live births. However, since the start 1970´s, the fertility total has been constant, at around 2.1 births per woman.

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Headlines Nyheder fra Grønlands Statistik

2020 Population

12. februar 2020
Population estimate increases with 89
January 1st 2020 there lived 56,081 persons in Greenland. Thus, the population increased by 89 persons during 2019.

Læs artikel: her

2020 Fertility Report

1. januar 2020
Human Fertility
Grønlands Statistiks .... tester

Læs artikel: her

2019 Population

8. februar 2019
Population estimate increases with 115
January 1st 2019 there lived 55.992 persons in Greenland. Thus, the population increased by 115 persons during 2018.

Læs artikel: her

Tables in Statbank

Population in Greenland

Population and population growth 1901-2020 (BEESAT1)

Population in Greenland (July)

Forecast

Births

Fertility

Fertility 1977-2019 (BEEBBLSF1)
Age specific fertility in municipalities 1977-2015 (BEEBBLSF2)
Regional fertility measures (BEEBBRF)
Fertilityrates for women born in Greenland (BEEBBSF1)
Fertility for selected groups (BEEFT)

Deaths

Internal migration

Migrations (municipalities) 1993-2019 (BEEBAF2)
Internal migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2019 (BEEBAF2B)
Internal monthly migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2019 (BEEBAF2M)
Netmigrations by districts 1993-2019 (BEEBAF3)
Internal migrations to and from districts 1993-2019 (BEEBAF3B)
Internal migrations to and from localities 1993-2019 (BEEBAF4B)

Migrations

Migrations by municipality and age 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU2)
Monthly migrations to and from Greenland by municipality 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU2A)
Migrations to and from Greenland by districts 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU3)
Migrations by locality 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU4)
Migrations municipality and month 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU5)
Migrations by country and citizenship 1993-2019 (BEEBBIU6)

Households and families



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Population estimates

  • 2020 Population
  • 2019 Population
  • 2018 Population 1st July
  • 2018 Population
  • 2018 Municipalities in Greenland
  • 2017 Population 1st July
  • 2017 Population
  • 2016 Population 1st July
  • 2016 Population
  • 2015 Population 1st July
  • 2015 Population
  • 2014 Population 1st July
  • 2014 Population
  • 2013 Population 1st July
  • 2013 Population
  • 2012 Population 1st July
  • 2012 Population
  • 2011 Population
  • 2010 Population
  • Vital statistics

  • 2020 Fertility Report
  • 2016 Vital Statistics
  • 2015 Vital Statistics
  • 2014 Vital Statistics
  • 2013 Vital Statistics
  • 2012 Vital Statistics
  • 2011 Vital Statistics
  • 2010 Vital Statistics
  • 2009 Vital Statistics
  • Forecast

  • 2017-2040 Population
  • 2016-2040 Population
  • 2015-2040 Population
  • 2014-2040 Population
  • 2013-2040 Population
  • 2012-2040 Population
  • 2011-2040 Population
  • Read about ...



    Population estimates

    Vital statistics

    Forecast



    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.




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    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.





    Do you want our newsletter by mail ?