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Population

Greenland´s population lives in towns and settlements on the coast. Over 60 per cent live in the five largest towns - Nuuk, Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Aasiaat and Qaqortoq.

Greenland has a total populace overweight of men, as the workforce born outside of Greenland consists of 2/3 men and 1/3 women.

Compared to the population size in Greenland, the internal migrations are significant, and have a big impact on the populace composition. An internal migration from outer districts to towns, primarily to Nuuk, has been going on for the last 50 years.

The majority of migrants are citizens of the Danish Kingdom, who move from Denmark to Greenland or vice versa. Greenland´s constant need for summoned workforce requires the net emigration of foreign nationals to be continuously countered by immigration. Over time, the foreign net immigration is at a balance.

Around 800 persons are born every year, and 500 die. Men and women born in Greenland have a shorter life expectancy than the average of the western world. This is primarily due to a high mortality rate caused by accidents and suicide. In Greenland, men live to the age of 69.6 years on average, while women live to the age of 73.5 years.

The general birth pattern has remained stable during the last ten years. Towns differ from settlements in fertility rate. Women in settlements give birth to more children than those in towns. However, since the start 1970´s, the fertility total has been constant, at around 2 births per woman.

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Headlines Nyheder fra Grønlands Statistik

2024 Population Projection

5. juli 2024
Population Projection 2024
The population projection shows the results of model calculations that, based on Greenland s population gender and age structure as of January 1, 2024, as well as historical experiences, describe possible development scenarios towards 2050.

Læs artikel: her

2024 Quarterly Population

8. maj 2024
Population up by 167 in first quarter
On April 1st, 2024, 56,866 persons lived in the country. That is 167 up compared to January 1st, and 131 more than a year ago.

Læs artikel: her

2024 Population

9. februar 2024
The population is increasing, but 290 fewer Danish citizens
On January 1st, 2024, there were 56,669 people living in Greenland. The population has thus increased by 90 people during the last year, while the number of Danish citizens has fallen by 290

Læs artikel: her

Tables in Statbank

Population in Greenland

Population and population growth 1901-2024 (BEESAT1)
Greenland, sex- and agestructure, 1977-2024 (BEESTALL)

Population in Greenland (July)

Projections

Births

Fertility

Regional fertility indicators, 1993-2023 (BEEBBF)
Regional agespecific fertility, 1993-2023 (BEEBBSF)

Deaths

Internal migration

Migrations (municipalities) 1993-2023 (BEEBAF2)
Internal migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2023 (BEEBAF2B)
Internal monthly migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2023 (BEEBAF2M)
Netmigrations by districts 1993-2023 (BEEBAF3)
Internal migrations to and from districts 1993-2023 (BEEBAF3B)
Internal migrations to and from localities 1993-2023 (BEEBAF4B)

Migrations

Migrations by municipality and age 1993-2023 (BEEBBIU2)
Monthly migrations to and from Greenland by municipality 1993-2023 (BEEBBIU2A)
Migrations to and from Greenland by districts 1993-2023 (BEEBBIU3)
Migrations by locality 1993-2023 (BEEBBIU4)
Migrations by country and citizenship 1993-2023 (BEEBBIU6)
Return migrations (BEEREVAND)

Households and families



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Population estimates

  • 2024 Quarterly Population
  • 2024 Population
  • 2023 Quarterly Population, October
  • 2023 Midyear Population
  • 2023 Quarterly Population
  • 2023 Population
  • 2022 Midyear Population
  • 2022 Quarterly Population
  • 2022 Population
  • 2020 Population
  • 2019 Population
  • 2018 Population 1st July
  • 2018 Population
  • 2018 Municipalities in Greenland
  • 2017 Population 1st July
  • 2017 Population
  • 2016 Population 1st July
  • 2016 Population
  • 2015 Population 1st July
  • 2015 Population
  • 2014 Population 1st July
  • 2014 Population
  • 2013 Population 1st July
  • 2013 Population
  • 2012 Population 1st July
  • 2012 Population
  • 2011 Population
  • 2010 Population
  • Vital statistics

  • Vital Statistics 2022
  • Vital Statistics 2021
  • Vital Statistics 2020
  • 2016 Vital Statistics
  • 2015 Vital Statistics
  • 2014 Vital Statistics
  • 2013 Vital Statistics
  • 2012 Vital Statistics
  • 2011 Vital Statistics
  • 2010 Vital Statistics
  • 2009 Vital Statistics
  • Projections

  • 2024 Population Projection
  • 2017-2040 Population
  • 2016-2040 Population
  • 2015-2040 Population
  • 2014-2040 Population
  • 2013-2040 Population
  • 2012-2040 Population
  • 2011-2040 Population
  • Read about ...



    Population estimates

    Vital statistics

    Projections



    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.




    Do you want our newsletter by mail ?

    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.





    Do you want our newsletter by mail ?