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Population

Greenland´s population lives exclusively at the coast; in towns or settlements. More than half of the total population lives in the five largest towns Nuuk, Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Aasiaat and Qaqortoq. From the 1960´s on, the town populations have been growing rapidly, absorbing the net population growth as well as the migration from the settlements.

Greenland has a total populace overweight of men, as the workforce born outside of Greenland consists of 2/3 men and 1/3 women. Compared to the population size in Greenland, the internal migrations are significant, and have a big impact on the populace composition. The majority of migrants are citizens of the Danish Kingdom, who move from Denmark to Greenland or vice versa. Greenland´s constant need for summoned workforce requires the net emigration of foreign nationals to be continuously countered by immigration. Over time, the foreign net immigration is at a balance, but it’s not the case for the Greenlandic -born population segment.

Over 800 persons are born every year, and around 500 die. Men and women born in Greenland have a shorter life expectancy than the average of the western world. This is primarily due to a high mortality rate caused by accidents and suicide. The general birth pattern has remained stable during the last ten years. Women in settlements give birth to more children than those in towns. However, pregnancies more often result in legal abortions than in live births. Today, the total fertility is at a level of about 2.1 children per woman.

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Headlines Nyheder fra Grønlands Statistik

2022 Midyear Population

5. august 2022
Population increased by 66
On July 1st, 2022, 56,661 people lived in the country. That is 66 more than January 1st this year, and 8 more than a year ago.

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2022 Quarterly Population

6. maj 2022
Population increased by 33 in first quarter of 2022
On April 1st, 2022, 56,595 people lived in the country. That is 33 more than January 1 this year, and 54 more than a year ago.

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2022 Population

10. februar 2022
Lowest annual birth count since World War II
On January 1.st ,2022, 56,562 people lived in Greenland. Thus, the population has increased with 141 people over the past year. The preliminary count of this year’s births shows that only 761 children were born in 2021. This is the lowest annual birth count since World War II

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Tables in Statbank

Population in Greenland

Population and population growth 1901-2022 (BEESAT1)

Population in Greenland (July)

Forecast

Births

Fertility

Fertilityrates for women born in Greenland (BEEBBSF1)

Deaths

Internal migration

Migrations (municipalities) 1993-2021 (BEEBAF2)
Internal migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2021 (BEEBAF2B)
Internal monthly migrations to and from municipalities 1993-2020 (BEEBAF2M)
Netmigrations by districts 1993-2021 (BEEBAF3)
Internal migrations to and from districts 1993-2021 (BEEBAF3B)
Internal migrations to and from localities 1993-2021 (BEEBAF4B)

Migrations

Migrations by municipality and age 1993-2021 (BEEBBIU2)
Monthly migrations to and from Greenland by municipality 1993-2021 (BEEBBIU2A)
Migrations to and from Greenland by districts 1993-2021 (BEEBBIU3)
Migrations by locality 1993-2021 (BEEBBIU4)
Migrations by country and citizenship 1993-2021 (BEEBBIU6)

Households and families



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Population estimates

  • 2022 Midyear Population
  • 2022 Quarterly Population
  • 2022 Population
  • 2020 Population
  • 2019 Population
  • 2018 Population 1st July
  • 2018 Population
  • 2018 Municipalities in Greenland
  • 2017 Population 1st July
  • 2017 Population
  • 2016 Population 1st July
  • 2016 Population
  • 2015 Population 1st July
  • 2015 Population
  • 2014 Population 1st July
  • 2014 Population
  • 2013 Population 1st July
  • 2013 Population
  • 2012 Population 1st July
  • 2012 Population
  • 2011 Population
  • 2010 Population
  • Vital statistics

  • Vital Statistics 2020
  • 2016 Vital Statistics
  • 2015 Vital Statistics
  • 2014 Vital Statistics
  • 2013 Vital Statistics
  • 2012 Vital Statistics
  • 2011 Vital Statistics
  • 2010 Vital Statistics
  • 2009 Vital Statistics
  • Forecast

  • 2017-2040 Population
  • 2016-2040 Population
  • 2015-2040 Population
  • 2014-2040 Population
  • 2013-2040 Population
  • 2012-2040 Population
  • 2011-2040 Population
  • Read about ...



    Population estimates

    Vital statistics

    Forecast



    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.




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    Greenland in Figures

    is a concise and clear introduction to Greenland. The leaflet is available in a handy pocket format and contains 40 pages of useful information on a wide range of areas such as population, foreign trade, tourism and social services.





    Do you want our newsletter by mail ?